Academic Papers

Longer, analytical and reflective essays on various aspects of globalization from many sources are archived here.

Measuring the Rise of Economic
Monica de Bolle and Jeromin Zettelmeyer
Peterson Institute for International Economics, 2019
Political platforms are increasingly populist since the 2008 financial crisis; right-wing more than left-wing parties tend to oppose immigration, foreign investment and anti-multilateralism

Higher Temperatures Increase Suicide Rates in US and Mexico
M. Burke, F. Gonzalez, P. Baylis, S. Heft-Neal, C. Baysan, S. Basu, and S. Hsiang
Nature Climate Change, 2018
A data study shows that mental health deteriorates and suicides increase with a 1-degree C increase in monthly average temperatures

Emerging Trends in Global Freshwater Availability
M. Rodell, J. S. Famiglietti, D. N. Wiese, J. T. Reager, H. K. Beaudoing, F. W. Landerer & M.-H. Lo
Nature, 2018
Freshwater availability is changing worldwide; analysis of GRACE satellite data shows 34 regional tends that require global cooperation to avoid water crises

Rise in Global Atmospheric CO2, Surface Temperature and Sea Level From Emissions Traced to Major Carbon Producers
B. Ekwurzel, J. Boneham, M.W. Dalton, R. Heede, R.J. Mera, M.R. Allen and P.C. Frumhoff
Climactic Change, 2017

Study traces nearly two-thirds of historical industrial CO2 and CH4 emissions and related warming to 90 oil, coal and other fossil fuel firms

Transfer Pricing: Strategies, Practices, and Tax Minimization
Kenneth J. Klassen, Petro Lisowsky and Devan Mescall
Contemporary Accounting Research, 2017
Activities by multinationals often focus on tax savings and encompass foreign income, tax haven use, and R&D activities

Financing Universal Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
UN Water, 2017
Safe drinking-water and sanitation are crucial to human survival and the report reviews data from 75 nations

Zika Virus in the Americas — Yet Another Arbovirus Threat
Anthony S. Fauci and David M. Morens
The New England Journal of Medicine, 2016

Arboviruses, transmitted by arthropods like mosquitoes, travel and evolve, requiring new understanding of ecosystems

David Autor, David Dorn, Gordon Hanson, and Kaveh Majl
MIT Working Paper, 2016

Rising trade integration between the United States and China may contribute to increasing polarization in US politics

Juerg M. Matter et al.
Science, 2016

Researchers inject carbon dioxide into large wells in Iceland that pass through basaltic lava - turning the gas into mineralized rocks

Moritz UG Kraemer et al.

The range for mosquitoes has expanded rapidly, to all continents, fueled by global trade and travel

Philip G. Altbach
International Higher Education, 2015

Numbers of students traveling across borders for an education are at an all-time high, and regulations from the World Trade Organization may be unnecessary

Nicole Detraza and Leah Windsorb
International Feminist Journal of Politics,2014

Migration is increasingly handled as security issue, but it's also a method of adapting to climate change

Maria Luisa Parraguez Kobek, Alberto Ugarte and Georgina Campero Aguilar
Norteamérica, Revista Académica del CISAN-UNAM, 2015

Globalization poses new environmental challenges; a powerful North American energy alliance could strengthen US-Mexico-Canada engagement

Jonathan McClory
Portland Communications, 2015

"The ability of a country to engage with and attract global audiences has never been so critical to prosperity, security and international influence"

Nabih Haddad and Keren Wang
Journal of Self-Governance and Management Economics, 2015

Higher education must prepare citizens to engage in global problem-solving

B. Wouters, A. Martin-Español, V. Helm, T. Flament, J. M. van Wessem, S. R. M. Ligtenberg, M. R. van den Broeke, J. L. Bamber
Science, 2015

Satellite imagery shows evidence of the rapid acceleration in loss and destabilization of the Antarctic ice shelf

Ove Hough-Guldberg
Global Change Institute, Boston Consulting Group and World Wildlife Fund,2015

The estimated raw economic value of oceans is put at US$24 trillion, not to mention they absorb more than 90 percent of global warming

Human Rights Watch, 2015

Labor laws go unenforced in factories making apparel for western consumers; workers who complain about safety violations are targeted

Ken Menkhaus
Danish Demining Group,2015

Without political governance that allows grievances to be addressed through non-violent and legal measures, oil development in the region could instigate corruption, extremism and conflict

Thomas Piketty and Gabriel Zucman
Handbook of Income Distribution,2014

Low inheritance taxes combined with a decline in population growth concentrate wealth and reinforce inequality

Word Health Organization,2014

Rates vary widely around the globe; suicide is the second leading cause of death for young adults; 28 nations have national strategies

Ashish Bharadwaj
Advances in Economics and Business,2014

Study on trade policy reform suggests that severe shocks can turn transitory poverty into a permanent condition, inequality could overtake subsistence in poverty debates

Martin Gilens and Benjamin I. Page
Perspectives on Politics,2014

Four traditional political theories are assessed; researchers find that economic elites exert substantial impact in US democracy, while citizens lack independent influence

Oxfam,January 2014

Awareness of rigged rules is growing, and inequality can be reversed - 85 individuals own about half the world's wealth

Jung Chul Park, et al.
Journal of Corporate Finance,2013

MNC valuations are influenced by anti-Americanism, technological know-how and marketing expertise

Josh Bivens, Lawrence Mishel, Economic Policy Institute
Journal of Economic Perspectives ,Summer 2013

Wage inequality may have little association with economic growth, and reversing it would have little impact on growth

Puneeta Ajrnera, Anita Gupta
International Journal of Advanced Nutritional and Health Science,May 2013

Research review boards in emerging economies must recognize the differential range of research costs among countries and scrutinize studies involving human subjects to determine that studies offer benefits to future patients in the host country; that individual consents are informed and understood; that payment for participation in experimental treatments is reasonable, with outcomes listed in a public data base

Arvind Subramanian and Martin Kessler
Global Citizen Foundation,June 2013

Nations should end the Doha Round, yet pursue new routes of cooperation on hyperglobalization and big regional trade agreements – or the benefits of open markets could go into reverse

Jose Fernandez Santillan
Mexican Law Review,2013

This article explores the great changes that have happened in recent years in international politics as well as the challenges that these transformations imply

Clayton M. Christensen, David Skok, and James Allworth
Neiman Reports ,Fall 2012

In journalism, disruptive innovators deliver news that's fast, personalized, responsive to democracy

The Brookings Institution,August 2012

Political transition in China must focus on reforms or risk destabilization

Jeffry A. Frieden, Michael Pettis, Dani Rodrik, Ernesto Zedillo
Vox/14th Geneva Report,26 Jul 2012

The authors demonstrate why international cooperation is difficult at the best of times, and very difficult indeed in the midst of a severe financial crisis

Intelligence Community Assessment,February 2012

Report warns that water problems—shortages, poor water quality, or floods—will contribute to instability in states important to US national security interests

Anthony J. Spires
The Journal of Civil Society,22 September 2011

US grants tend to go toward NGOs favored by the Chinese government


Emerging countries are playing a growing role in the world economy. It is a role that
is expected to be even greater in the future

Edited by Marc Bacchetta, Marion Jansen
International Labour Organization, World Trade Organization,2011

While globalization is seen as a potential source of growth, conditions need to be in place to maximize its benefits

François Godement
ECFR/Asia Centre,2011

Chinese policy in Central Asia is important to Europe for economic and strategic reasons

James E. Hansen, Makiko Sato
July 2011

The past is the key to the future of climate change

OECD,May 2011

Income inequality has grown in over three quarters of OECD countries and in many
emerging economies

Rogers, A.D. & Laffoley, D.d’A. ,2011

Degradation of the oceans is now happening at a faster rate than predicted

Bruce Mazlish
New Global Studies,2009

Globalism and globalization have been seen as competitors to other allegiances, namely regionalism and nationalism

David Lai
China Security Vol. 5 No. 1,Winter 2009

The PLA's move to go global is a natural outgrowth of China's expanding power

U.S. Council on Foreign Relations

China's recent entry into the World Trade Organization will fundamentally change the U.S.-China relationship, shifting the focus of that relationship to trade

Raymond Grew

Explores the explosive combination of the history of food and global history

José Antonio Ocampo
Items and Issues, Vol 5, No.3

Globalization's path is largely determined by policy decisions

European Commission,9 June 2008

American and European governments will need to address major shifts in the global economy

The Commission of Eminent Persons,3 June 2008

Report addresses the many challenges and opportunities the Agency will face in the future

Jeff Rubin and Benjamin Tal
StrategEcon,27 May 2008

High transport costs may slowdown the growth of world trade

C. Fred Bergsten
Peterson Institute for International Economics,May 2008

Ruling poses a grave threat to the global trading system

Nayan Chanda
Global Governance,2008

Failure to develop global rules may force globalization in the wrong direction

The EEAG Report on the European Economy CESifo Group,26 February 2008

A report focusing on Europe's challenges with globalisation

Robert Z. Lawrence
Peterson Institute for International Economics,January 2008

Trade is not to blame for wage inequality, but is among several factors causing dislocation

Bo Ekman
Tällberg Foundation,October 2007

An interconnected world with global problems can benefit from global governance

Pervez Hoodbhoy
Outlook India,7 August 2007

Not since the Golden Age have there been any advances in mathematics, science, and medicine

Deborah Fallows
Pew Internet & American Life Project,July 2007

What it may mean for the internet globally, and for US users

Bates Gill and Chin-hao Huang and J. Stephen Morrison
World Security Institute,Summer 2007

China and Africa engage in collaborations that may benefit all involved

US Government Accountability Office,May 2007

Changes to funding allocation and eligibility requirements could enhance states' ability to provide benefits and services

UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs,May 2007

Reducing the overall aging levels of any nation would require immigration at unprecedented levels

Javier Santiso
Deutsch Bank Research,March 2007

Firms from emerging markets account for 25 percent of major multinationals in the world

Jim Hansen
Acceptance of Duke of Edinburgh Conservation Medal,November 2006

It's not too late, but the world has at most 10 years to alter the dangerous trends of global warming

Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center,October 2006

An understanding of North Korea's test from a technical point of view

Human Rights Watch,August 2006

Legislation and code of conduct needed to ensure ethical business practices

The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life,August 2006

In an interconnected world, religions clamor over which offers best path to a pleasant afterlife

Marcus Noland
Institute for International Economics,July 2006

The economic effects of North Korea's nuclear testing will be important but not catastrophic

Susan D. Moeller
Journal of International Affairs,Spring/Summer 2006

Explores the many disasters, some unreported, that have occurred in the world over the past two years

Thomas Palley
March 2006

Global outsourcing poses new challenges and policymakers need to understand its economic basis if they are to develop effective responses

Ronald Findlay and Mats Lundahl,Summer 2005

In a bitter irony of history, the fall of communism forced globalization on Mongolia which, as the largest empire of the world, once had been a catalyst for globalization

Chad P. Brown and Meredith A. Crowley
Economic Perspectives,Summer 2005

China has emerged as a major source of US imports, leading to a widespread view that current US trade deficits are "Made in China"

Yong Deng and Thomas G. Moore
The Washington Quarterly,Summer 2004

Toward a New Great-Power Politics?

Timothy W. Guinnane
Economic Growth Center, Yale University,January 2004

How international debt relief helped Germany re-build after World War Two

John Audley, George Perkovich, Sandra Polaski, Scott Vaughan
arnegie Endowment for International Peace,August 2003

Authors outline the policies that governments and international institutions will need to avoid a debacle at Cancun

Maurice F. Strong
June 2003

Thoughts of a UN special envoy on a vexed question

Ivo H. Daalder and James M. Lindsay
The Brookings Institution,May 2003

President George W. Bush is leading a revolution in American foreign policy. Find out why.

David Bollier

A report of the Eleventh Annual Aspen Institute Roundtable on Information Technology

Jonathan D. Pollack
Naval War College Review,Summer 2003

Why, after more than 8 years, have the US and North Korea decided to discard the 1994 Agreed Framework? And what's next?

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

How information and communications technology (ICT) can assist developing countries' economies and enterprises

Daniel H. Rosen
The International Economy,Spring 2003

The Maquiladora system's comparative advantage is being challenged head on. The International Economy Magazine

William D. Nordhaus
December 2002

A study that reviews the potential costs of a war with Iraq, along with indicating that nations have underestimated the cost of military conflicts in the past

Le Xuan Khoa
November 2002

Though many Vietnamese expatriates still resent North Vietnamese communists, the expatriate community could play a major role in the reconciliation of North and South Vietnam

Robert E. Litan
October 2002

Economic engagement with the rest of the world has played a key part in the U.S. economic revival

Reuven Paz
September 2002

To understand what is happening in the Middle East, it's essential to recognize how the region's ideologies and movements have spread to other parts of the world before 'returning' to their place of origin

Paul Masson
October 2001

A summary of the economic dimensions of globalization

Richard N. Haass
September 2001

The tragic events of September 11th tell us about the nature of the challenges before us and how the Bush administration is responding to them

Queen Noor of Jordan
August 2000

An address by Queen Noor of Jordan at the 50th Anniversary Symposium of The Aspen Institute

Immanuel Wallerstein
June 2000

Globalization is not a brand new phenomenon, but a historical process, a transition from the end of an old cycle to the beginning of the next