• Amanat and Frank Griffel
    Stanford University Press, 2007

    Shari’a is considered by many as Islamic religious law. But the cultural concept covers not only moral and legal matters, including religious rituals and rules for marriage, taxation and war, but also issues of behavior and etiquette. Modern and fundamentalist Muslims are polarized over how much modern nations can rely on Shari’a. Yale professors Abbas Amanat and Frank Griffel are editors “Shari’a: Islamic Law in the Contemporary Cotext,” a book of essays that analyze Islamic thought on justice, global citizenship,...

  • Larry Diamond
    Times Books, Henry Holt and Company, 2007

    Appreciation for democracy runs deep in countries around the globe, but instability can present challenges for the system of governance. “The Spirit of Democracy: The Struggle to Build Free Societies Throughout the World” analyzes the elements of democracy and how they have transformed global relations, the prospects for democracy in specific regions and ways to revitalize the system even in nations where regression has emerged. Renewing democracy requires education and mobilization of citizens themselves, argues Larry Diamond, senior...

  • Philippe Legrain
    Little, Brown, 2007

    Immigration allows people to escape poverty, argues Philippe Legrain, British economist and journalist. Combining reporting and economic analysis, Legrain argues that relentless patrolling borders carries hidden costs while the diversity provided by low-skilled or high-skilled migrant workers offers many benefits. In the end, Legrain, who has served as special adviser to the director-general of the World Trade Organization, argues for open borders and offers recommendations for integration.

  • Tarun Khanna
    Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2007

    Entrepreneurs in the emerging economies of India and China demonstrate that they have the money, the education, the management skills and the creativity to build successful firms. In “Billions of Entrepreneurs: How China and India Are Reshaping Their Futures and Yours,” Tarun Khanna, the Jorge Paulo Lemann Professor at Harvard Business School, compares the two nations’ governance, information accessibility, infrastructure, rural challenges, soft power and foreign ties. The comparative analysis offers insights into the distinct styles and...

  • Bruce Mazlish, Nayan Chanda and Kenneth Weisbrode
    Stanford University Press, 2007

    New technology, particularly in transportation and communication sectors, hastens many global interconnections. The US presided over much technological innovation throughout the 20th century, and so supp0rters and opponents of globalization alike often equate the phenomenon with Americanization. Even so, the US often embraces some anti-global policies. “Global civil society may hold out the vision of the transcendence of particularistic ties, but the still-existing national and traditional definitions of these connections generally prevail...

  • Lant Pritchett
    Center for Global Development, 2006

    Wealthy countries should lift controls on labor moving across national borders, argues Lant Pritchett, socioeconomist with the World Bank and fellow at the Center for Global Development, based in New Delhi. Pritchett poses provocative questions - from whether l abor movement across borders promotes crime to whether nationality is a moral basis for discrimination. He also poses policies recommendations that would allow unskilled labor to cross borders in ways that might be politically acceptable to the wealthy nations, by minimizing risks...

  • Morton Abramowitz and Stephen Bosworth
    The Century Foundation Press, 2006

    China’s rise has begun to change the system itself as well as the U.S. role in it. Given the wide ramifications of our relations, both countries have no choice but to get along with each other. The U.S. government should consistently make clear that it supports China’s rapid growth, that it views China as a necessary collaborator in international affairs whatever our differences, that the United States will remain deeply engaged in East Asia, and that it will not pursue an anti-China alliance.

  • George Rupp
    Columbia University Press, 2006

    Convictions cannot be ignored. With globalization and convictions bumping up against one another, communities must be inclusive, according to George Rupp, president of the International Rescue Committee. Religion is the source of some conviction, and likewise, fast-paced globalization lacking in coordination and regulation has resulted in an unequal distribution of resources and secular forms of conviction. The world community can be strengthened by people holding strong convictions and inclusive attitudes who strive to understand the...

  • Ian Burma
    Penguin Press, 2006

    A milestone in the clash between Europe’s secularism and Islamic values came on November 2, 2004, when a 26-year-old Dutchman, of Morroccan heritage killed filmmaker Theo van Gogh. The young man opposed van Gogh’s film about Somali-born Dutch politician Ayaan Hirsi Ali, a vocal critic of Islam. Europe is a bastion for free speech and individual rights, but a small number of Muslim immigrants from neighboring nations oppose such freedoms. The groups with opposing values continue to offend each other.

  • Michael D. Swaine and Zhang Tuosheng with Danielle F.S. Cohen
    Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2006

    Nations can manage crises with self-restraint. The history of how China and the US have managed crises, standoffs and disagreements - over the Cold War, the Vietnam War, the Korean War, and the status of Taiwan - is examined by Michael D. Swaine of the Carnegie Endowment for Peace and Zhang Tuosheng of the China Foundation for International and Strategic Studies, with Danielle F.S. Cohen. The book offers both Chinese and US perspectives on key historical events and concludes with specific recommendations for management of such...