A readily measurable aspect of globalization is the increasing exchange of capital, products and services across national boundaries, spurred by expanded use of container shipping and other technological improvements as well as falling barrier. The interdependence is most apparent with global supply chains, as manufactured goods like vehicles and electronics are assembled with components produced around the world, and it’s increasingly rare for any country to be the sole source of any one complex product. Countries aim to increase exports but worry about too many imports and trade imbalances, even as their consumers pursue low prices. Disagreements on subsidies, tariffs, quotas or unfair practices are debated by the World Trade Organization.

China’s Aggressive Stance Reveals Lack of Coordination

To avoid tensions over sea claims, China needs a national security council
Terry McCarthy
December 5, 2012

Burma: Trouble Brewing for China

Government tolerates freedom of expression, and the Burmese target Chinese investments
Bertil Lintner
November 5, 2012

The Fallacy of Protectionism

Closing off markets does not protect after crisis; nations should instead secure citizens
Pascal Lamy
October 31, 2012

China Rebalancing Won’t Doom Region

Asia will benefit if China shifts from reliance on exports towards consumption-led growth
Deepak Gopinath
October 24, 2012

China Play in US Election

Romney promises tough trade stance, but China could give up first on troubled partnership
Edward Gresser
October 15, 2012

No Ancient Wisdom for China

Authoritarian capitalism is a menace for China and the global economy
James McGregor
October 8, 2012

Risk of Backlash With China Deal: Financial Times

James Politi and Lucy Hornby
February 27, 2019

Future of Trade, Value Chains in Services: McKinsey

Susan Lund, James Manyika, Jonathan Woetzel, Jacques Bughin, Mekala Krishnan, Jeongmin Seong, and Mac Muir
February 26, 2019